The population of the wood duck was in serious decline in the late 19th century as a result of severe habitat loss and market hunting both for meat and plumage for the ladies' hat market in Europe. By the beginning of the 20th century, wood ducks had virtually disappeared from much of their former range. By ending unregulated hunting and taking measures to protect remaining habitat, wood duck populations began to rebound in the 1920s. The development of the artificial nesting box in the 1930s gave an additional boost to wood duck production. The population of the wood duck has increased a great deal in the last several years. The increase has been due to the work of many people constructing wood duck nest-boxes and conserving vital habitat for the wood ducks to breed.
Lake Erie Country Club and the LECC Men’s Club has been participating in encouraging wood duck breeding in the LECC Marsh by installing wood duck nest-boxes. There are almost two dozen boxes scattered thought the marsh. The nest-boxes near Lakeside Drive have the entry hole facing south so the birds can be seen and observed easily from the road by Members.
The nest-box can have approximately 15 eggs lined with feathers from the female. Sometimes there will be as few as 6 eggs in the nest and on occasion, as many as 40! A single nest can have over 40 eggs, because some of the eggs were laid by other females. If a female cannot find a nest of her own, then she will lay her eggs inside another wood duck's nest!